Page 1475 - Week 05 - Thursday, 7 May 2015

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In addition, along with other structural elements such as concrete tree surrounds, street lighting and traffic control devices have been coordinated to ensure that the overall appearance of the street is cohesive. The street furniture elements include bus shelters, bench seating, bin enclosures, drinking fountains, bike racks and vehicle restriction bollards.

In addition to the built environment, a great deal of attention has been paid to the natural aspects of the upgrade. Approximately 300 English oak trees were located along Constitution Avenue within the project site area. The trees existed in four rows; one row on the northern edge and three parallel rows on the southern verge. The existing trees are in various physical conditions, with some very healthy mature trees alongside some trees in poor health. Due to the significance of the trees in the context of the avenue, a tree replacement program was developed to make sure that the avenue was able to retain this key feature throughout the project and into the future. The key element of the program was to avoid the removal of a large number of trees at the same time.

The second part of the tree replacement program was to procure mature stock so that the physical structure of the landscape was able to be maintained. To allow for the new southern carriageway of Constitution Avenue to be delivered, the most northern row on the southern verge was required to be removed in its entirety. Along with the unhealthy trees, approximately 120 existing English oaks will be removed in stage 1, which is being delivered by this project. Stage 1 includes the replacement of the 124 removed trees, with approximately 230 mature English oaks and pin oaks, some trees in excess of 10 metres high on arrival to the site.

Pin oaks have been selected as the replacement tree for the new centre median due to the structural nature which is suited to narrow alignments. English oaks will be located in the verges to replace the unhealthy trees and fill missing gaps such as outside No 2 Constitution Avenue. A row of crepe myrtles is also included in the planting scheme on the southern verge to add another layer to the plantings and enhance the amenity for people using this linear park.

The existing avenue reflects its traditional role as a transport corridor with access to education, employment and recreational facilities, particularly the car parks which service those facilities. The upgrade project will enhance the character of the avenue, providing a focus on active travel and public transport. Therefore, the amenity of the avenue is designed to support the changing role of this major thoroughfare, particularly as it relates to transportation.

The improved amenity provided by the street furniture will encourage a new range of people staying on the street to enjoy their lunch or to wander along the street and take in its natural beauty. As development continues into the future, the opportunity for this precinct to evolve and create a destination in itself will be supported through improved public facilities.

The relationship between Constitution Avenue and proposed developments such as Campbell 5 or Parkes section 3 is essential to ensure that the objective of providing a

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